Sunday, November 23, 2014

Smoking in Adolescent Males After Incarceration

Factors associated with smoking among adolescent males prior to incarceration and after release from jail: a longitudinal study.
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cigarette smoking among incarcerated adult men and women is three-four times higher than in the general population, ranging from 70-80%. However, little is known about factors associated with smoking among incarcerated adolescents

QUESTION: what factors are associated with smoking among adolescent males prior to incarceration and one year after their release from jail?

METHODS: a database review was performed of data obtained from the "Returning Educated African-American and Latino Men to Enriched Neighborhoods" study. Differences between smokers and non-smokers were obtained at the time of their incarceration and one year after their release.

RESULTS: Prior to incarceration, 62% of the young men reported smoking. One-year after release, 69% reported smoking.

Factors associated with smoking prior to incarceration were:
  • foster care history
  • not living with parents
  • not attending school
  • drug sales
  • number of sex partners
  • gang involvement
  • current drug charges
  • number of prior arrests

Factors associated with smoking one year after release from jail:
  • foster care history
  • number of prior arrests


Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2013;8(1):37

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