Adding coffee to a standard bowel prep regimen of polyethylene glycol with ascorbic acid reduces the total volume required for proper bowel prep prior to colonoscopy. Total volume was reduced from 2L to 1.5L. (J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 2016 Mar;25(1):63-9.)Read More
Monday, March 28, 2016
Effect of Coffee Added to a Polyethylene glycol plus Ascorbic acid Solution for Bowel Preparation prior to Colonoscopy.
Wednesday, May 20, 2015
Recurrence of retinal vein thrombosis with PycnogenolÂ® or AspirinÂ® supplementation: a registry study.
This study found that dietary supplementation with pycnogenol (50 mg twice a day) was superior to standard care or standard care + aspirin in preventing a recurrence of retinal vein thrombosis. No adverse side-effects were observed in the pycnogenol group. (Panminerva Med. 2015 Sep;57(3):121-5.)Read More
Sunday, April 26, 2015
This review recommends that: a) ASA may be safely discontinued perioperatively when it is being given for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease; b) patients with coronary or carotid artery stents should continue to receive ASA perioperatively; c) there is no indication to initiate ASA in patients with stable ischemic heart disease perioperatively as risks outweigh the benefits; d) patients with a previous myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke on ASA for secondary prevention, ASA in most surgeries is well tolerated, but further study is required. (Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2015 Apr 16.)Read More
Saturday, April 18, 2015
Effects of supervised exercise on cancer-related fatigue in breast cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
A supervised exercise program reduces cancer related fatigue. (BMC Cancer. 2015 Feb 21;15(1):77.)Read More
Thursday, April 16, 2015
Aspirin blocks growth of breast tumor cells and tumor-initiating cells and induces reprogramming factors of mesenchymal to epithelial transition.
This laboratory study found that aspirin showed a strong beneficial effect in the prevention of breast carcinogenesis. (Lab Invest. 2015 Apr 13)Read More
Friday, March 20, 2015
In obtunded patients with blunt trauma, it appears that it is safe and efficient to clear the neck with a high quality CT scan. (Ann Intern Med. 2015 Mar 17;162(6):429-437.)Read More
Monday, March 9, 2015
Early and late effects of high- versus low-dose Angiotensin receptor blockade on renal function and outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure.
High doses of angiotensin receptor blockade with losartan (150 mg vs 50 mg per day) was associated with a decreased mortality rate, in spite of an increased risk of worsening renal function. (JACC Heart Fail. 2015 Mar;3(3):214-23.)Read More
Thursday, February 12, 2015
NSAIDs, statins, low-dose aspirin and PPIs, and the risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma among patients with Barrett's oesophagus: a population-based case-control study.
Neither nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, proton pump inhibitors, low-dose aspirin nor statins were found to decrease the risk of high grade dysplasia or esophageal cancer in patients with Barrett Esophagus. (BMJ Open. 2015 Jan 29;5(1):e006640.)Read More
Efficacy and safety of oral anticoagulants versus aspirin for patients with atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis.
Coumadin was found to be more effective than aspirin in preventing embolisms in patients with atrial fibrillation without increasing the risk of bleeding. (Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Jan;94(4):e409.)Read More
Monday, January 12, 2015
METHODS: a systematic review was performed.
FINDINGS: Worldwide, the proportion of adults with a body-mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m(2) or greater increased between 1980 and 2013 from 29% to 37% in men, and from 30% to 38% in women. In 2013 in developed countries, 24% of boys and 23% of girls were overweight or obese.
INTERPRETATION: obesity has become a major global health challenge. No national success stories have been reported in the past 33 years.
Lancet. 2014 Aug 30;384(9945):766-81
Sunday, November 23, 2014
Factors associated with smoking among adolescent males prior to incarceration and after release from jail: a longitudinal study.BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cigarette smoking among incarcerated adult men and women is three-four times higher than in the general population, ranging from 70-80%. However, little is known about factors associated with smoking among incarcerated adolescents
QUESTION: what factors are associated with smoking among adolescent males prior to incarceration and one year after their release from jail?
METHODS: a database review was performed of data obtained from the "Returning Educated African-American and Latino Men to Enriched Neighborhoods" study. Differences between smokers and non-smokers were obtained at the time of their incarceration and one year after their release.
RESULTS: Prior to incarceration, 62% of the young men reported smoking. One-year after release, 69% reported smoking.
Factors associated with smoking prior to incarceration were:
- foster care history
- not living with parents
- not attending school
- drug sales
- number of sex partners
- gang involvement
- current drug charges
- number of prior arrests
Factors associated with smoking one year after release from jail:
- foster care history
- number of prior arrests
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2013;8(1):37